Halewood Origins and History


Halewood, located 8 miles south-east of Liverpool was originally part of Hale and it is difficult to discover when they separated but by the 15th Century, Halewood was definitely a separate township within the West Derby Hundred. (WFN100) The township of Halewood lies between the old course of Ditton Brook in the north and Rams Brook in the south. Disputes over the manor lands of Halewood between the Ireland and Holland families began in the 13th Century and were to be ongoing for some time. The Ireland family had Hale, most of Halebank and part of North End, while the Holland family who were the superior lords, controlled most of North End and a portion of Halebank. However, the Hollands were based at a Hall in Halebank, while the Irelands' main residence was the 'Hutt' within Halewood. This confusing state of affairs continued for centuries.

By 1628 the manor of Halewood was part of the dower of Charlotte, (KN137) Countess of Derby. By the 19th Century, Halewood was still divided between two manors, the Ireland portion held by the Ireland-Blackburnes, and the Holland portion by the Earls of Derby.

In general, the Halewood township changed little over the centuries. Being made up of scattered farms, it was therefore predominantly agricultural but, by the mid-19th Century, changes did appear with the introduction of the railways and industrialisation. The township was crossed by two main railway lines: the upper line was owned by the Cheshire Lines Railway which runs between Hunts Cross station and Halewood station (HW6) in Bailey's Lane, included north-south branch lines which together formed an area in between known as the Halewood triangle. A more southerly track was owned by the London and North Western Railway which carried the Garston-Warrington line with stations at Halebank and Ditton Junction.

The North End of the township retained its rural roots despite the railway; while the area around Lane Ends (LS/X/21) evolved into Halewood Village with the building in 1839 of St. Nicholas' as a Chapel of Ease (HW11) to the churches of Childwall and Huyton. The building was greatly enlarged in 1847, becoming a rectory and therefore a true Parish Church (HW76) in 1868 with the tower and bells added around 1883. The village school (HW66) was built next door to the church in 1876. For the non-conformists in the area, a Wesleyan Chapel was built at Halebank in 1861.

Other central landmarks remain, in the form of the Derby Arms (LS/X/19) and the Eagle and Child (WFN78) in Church Road, both of which feature prominently, along with the now defunct brewery, on the historic Tithe Map (WFN53) of the area produced in 1843.

One of the oldest highways in the township is Lower Road (formerly Lower Lane) where one can still see many fine old houses and farms including: Irelands Farm (WFN51); The Hayes (WFN35), the main house of which has a builder's stone dated 1867; Wellcroft Cottages (WFN36); Brook House (WFN72); Harefield/Ashton Hey (WFN73) and many others.

The southern portion of the township, Halebank, close to the Mersey, became the industrial sector due to its close ties with nearby Ditton and Widnes; so much so, that the 'Ireland' portion of Halebank became part of the Widnes Corporation in 1920. Land in Halewood North End and part of Halebank held by the 17th Earl of Derby (KN67), was sold to Liverpool Corporation in 1930 and subsequent plans were made for housing development in the township to alleviate the problem of overcrowding in central Liverpool.

From the mid-1950's onwards, large housing estates including tower blocks (HW63) were built to cater for the surge in the population; an increase of ten-fold by the 1970's.

The area of land occupied by the Old Hutt (HW94/2) in the south-west of the township must originally have been a holding of some note. The remains of the Old Hutt which stood until recently, consisted of a three storey gatehouse (HW16), within a quadrangular moat leading to what would have been the main house. An archway (HW15), the entrance way to the main house, also part of the remains, was considered to have been of early 14th Century construction. By the 19th Century, the Old Hutt was in use as a farm (WFN52) but by the middle of the 20th Century, the land around it was required for other purposes.

The increase in population brought initial unemployment to the area but in 1960, the Ford Motor Company sought a site for car production in Britain and Halewood was put forward by the Government as an option. Halewood was chosen and the plant was completed by 1963. Production began with the Ford Anglia; the very first car off the production line being preserved at Liverpool Museum. Halewood's Ford factory (HW92/6) brought prosperity to the area but in the building of the plant, two ancient moated sites were destroyed: the Old Hutt, and Wrights Moat [see maps and plans].

In 1974, Halewood became part of the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley (WFN176). Since that time, great improvements have been made in the scope of leisure activities for the local community. Bridgefield (HW92/2) on Cartbridge Lane, once the site of a large house with its own lodge is today occupied by the sports and leisure complex of Bridgefield Forum.

Halewood branch library (HW93/30) in Leathers Lane which opened in 1967, recently celebrated thirty years service to the public and also received a major refurbishment.

Following the discontinued usage of the old Cheshire Lines Railway and the removal of track from the two upper sides of the Halewood Triangle rail junction, land was purchased from British Rail in 1982 for the development of a park. The culmination of the project was the opening by Lord Winstanley in 1986 of the Halewood Triangle Country Park, offering nature conservation combined with recreational facilities.

(figures in brackets are reference numbers of photos in the main site)




Please send comments or information requests to <webmaster@history.knowsley.gov.uk>
All pages copyright © Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council 1998